Monday, August 24, 2020
Government, in different shades and definitions, was the advanced administration of acculturated individuals. Each European country was represented by a Monarch, and the British realm was particularly pleased with its blended type of government-the best structure yet created. The predominant political hypothesis of the day was that any unadulterated type of government, be it government, nobility, or majority rules system, would at last breakdown. Each of these was powerless to imperialism, so the main objective framework would be one whereby at least two unadulterated structures were played off one another so as to accomplish a kind of equalization. Extraordinary Britain, with its King (government), its House of Lords (nobility), and its Parliament (republican-majority rule government) was touted as the most entirely established government ever. Two realities were within reach to show the explanation of that guarantee. To begin with, that the English individuals, regardless of where they lived in the Empire, delighted in norms of diet, instruction, and equity, that were difficult to achieve outside of the Empire. Second, that the Empire itself had been such a fruitful component, political and financial, for such a long time. These contentions were sufficient for some individuals, however there were a few issues on the ground. For this perfect English government was less planned but rather more it was a fallen angels deal. For a considerable length of time, thinkers, scholars, and rulers highlighted the ruin of the Roman Empire as the last disappointment of majority rules system, and of any simply republican type of government. The main response to government was to be found in Monarchy. The standard of a Monarch, it was concurred, must be an agreement between the ruler and the dominated. However, how might the Monarch be responsible to equity? All things considered, unquestionably not by review from the individuals on the loose. The Monarch should be responsible to God, most promptly through God's emissary in Rome, through the Pope. The equalization struck put God on one side, the King and his subjects on the other. The King had an obligation to r... Free Essays on Monarchy Vs. Vote based system Free Essays on Monarchy Vs. Vote based system Government, in different shades and plans, was the advanced administration of cultivated individuals. Each European country was administered by a Monarch, and the British domain was particularly pleased with its blended type of government-the best structure yet created. The predominant political hypothesis of the day was that any unadulterated type of government, be it government, nobility, or majority rules system, would eventually crumple. Each of these was defenseless to dictatorship, so the main sane framework would be one whereby at least two unadulterated structures were played off one another so as to accomplish a kind of equalization. Incredible Britain, with its King (government), its House of Lords (gentry), and its Parliament (republican-majority rules system) was touted as the most totally comprised government ever. Two realities were close by to show the explanation of that guarantee. In the first place, that the English individuals, regardless of where they lived in the Empire, appreciated measures of diet, training, and equity, that were difficult to achieve outside of the Empire. Second, that the Empire itself had been such a fruitful instrument, political and monetary, for such a long time. These contentions were adequate for some individuals, however there were a few issues on the ground. For this perfect English government was less planned but rather more it was a fallen angels deal. For quite a long time, logicians, scholars, and rulers highlighted the destruction of the Roman Empire as the last disappointment of majority rule government, and of any simply republican type of government. The main response to government was to be found in Monarchy. The standard of a Monarch, it was concurred, must be an agreement between the ruler and the dominated. Be that as it may, how might the Monarch be responsible to equity? All things considered, unquestionably not by review from the individuals on the loose. The Monarch should be responsible to God, most promptly through God's emissary in Rome, through the Pope. The parity struck set God on one side, the King and his subjects on the other. The King had a duty to r...
Saturday, August 22, 2020
7 Misunderstood Characters inLiterature Early introductions can be deluding throughout everyday life, except in fiction also. Here and there, a character may increase a notoriety thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not actually consistent with the content. We deserve it and to the universe of writing to give such characters a couple more parts before reaching inferences. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why weÃ¢â¬â¢ve gathered together an assortment of ordinarily misjudged characters. From FrankensteinÃ¢â¬â¢s beast to Mr. Darcy, here are a few characters who have the right to be figured out the real story. 1. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley The character: FrankensteinÃ¢â¬â¢s beast The misconception: After Victor Frankenstein makes his alleged Ã¢â¬Å"monsterÃ¢â¬ from different carcasses, he escapes from it. The beast, allowed to meander the world, is met with savagery and dread. Everybody sees an eight-foot-tall, yellowish, withered mammoth of a man and quickly feels that he implies hurt. Reality: He simply needs to cherish, be adored, and find reality with regards to his creation. (Be that as it may, he kills a few people, so perhaps the people in the book werenÃ¢â¬â¢t wrong to go running.) 2. The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman The character: Narrator The misconception: The anonymous hero of this continuous flow short story is a young lady being treated for her Ã¢â¬Å"nervous conditionÃ¢â¬ with constrained bed rest and disengagement. In spite of the fact that she dissents, she is dealt with like a kid until she actually goes crazy, on account of her better half JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s disparaging and sexist clinical practices. Reality: The hero is more capable and competent than sheÃ¢â¬â¢s given acknowledgment for and realizes her wellbeing superior to anybody. On the off chance that her better half had tuned in to her and permitted her to accomplish some work or escape the house while discouraged, she perhaps wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have so altogether lost her hold on the real world. 3. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen The character: Mr. Darcy The misconception: Just about the most extravagant character in the book, Mr. Darcy appears to be inconsiderate, distant, and adhered up to pretty much every other person in the novel. In Elizabeth BennetÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, he appears to be unequipped for saying anything decent or getting a charge out of anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s nearness. Reality: On a second read-through, it starts to turn out to be certain that that heÃ¢â¬â¢s less stood up but rather more he is charmingly socially bumbling, particularly in the wake of having been chastised by Elizabeth. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s simply giving a valiant effort. 4. A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens The character: Ebenezer Scrooge The misconception: He abhors Christmas and, it appears, everything great and upbeat. To everybody in the town, heÃ¢â¬â¢s a Christmas-detesting, young man abusing, out and out abhorrence old fake who just ponders cash. Reality: Admittedly heÃ¢â¬â¢s dreadful, however once you strip back the layers of injury, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll see heÃ¢â¬â¢s an intricate individual who has been harmed and is really equipped for doing decent things for others. 5. The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka The character: Gregor Samsa The misconception: After Gregor Samsa bafflingly turns into a huge bug (actually), his whole family evades him and treats him like, well, a monster appalling bug. Also, in doing as such, they appear to overlook that he is as yet their adored child and sibling. Reality: Even however heÃ¢â¬â¢s built up another affection for music, just as a hunger for spoiled trash, heÃ¢â¬â¢s still a similar individual pretty much. What's more, much the same as any individual, he endures when segregated. 6. Hamlet by William Shakespeare The character: Ophelia The misconception: For evidently no explanation, Ophelia goes crazy, at that point murders herself. Reality: A sort, devoted, and blameless individual, Ophelia succumbs to the political interest of ClaudiusÃ¢â¬â¢s court. Her domineering dad and sibling rebuke her for the friendship she has for Hamlet, and when she gets troubled after Hamlet starts abusing her, she murders herself, having had nobody around who might hear her out. 7. Miss Brill by Katherine Mansfield The character: Miss Brill The misconception: The main Miss Brill goes through a day in the recreation center, people-watching and getting a charge out of the sights. Be that as it may, to people around her, she appears to be strange, sitting alone on a recreation center seat wearing her over-the-top hide. All things considered, she seems to be off-putting and possibly somewhat insane. Reality: She simply needs to be remembered for her general surroundings, making dreams of how sheÃ¢â¬â¢s associated with everybody. Be that as it may, she winds up acknowledging like never before the amount of an outsider she is, and thusly, she winds up getting a brief look at how barbarous individuals can be. Anyway, which characters do you owe another opportunity? Are there some other characters out there you feel get unfavorable criticism? Tell us in the remarks!
Monday, July 20, 2020
Tolstoys Macaroni and Cheese and Other Recipes from Classic Authors Its not unusual to find a contemporary author that includes recipes within a books pages (see Sarah McCoys The Bakers Daughter) or to even publish an entire cookbook (see Patricia Cornwells Food to Die For). Authors share recipes and food photos via social media. We see how food affects their writing, and we pick up some great tips for the kitchen or restaurant recommendations. This is just one of the many ways that we connect with authors today that just wasnt an option before. Its a good thing, then, that we have access to the letters and journals and recipe cards of the great authors like this recipe from Leo Tolstoy for Mac N Cheese (via the fine folks at Open Culture). When I saw that link reposted over the holidays, it got me wondering what other great recipes I could find out there from some of our favorite authors. Take a look: Emily Dickinsons recipe for coconut cake (via NPR) Allen Ginsbergs Summer Borscht (via The Allen Ginsberg Project) Beatrix Potters recipe for Gingerbread (via The Kitchn) Ernest Hemingways Wild West Hamburger (via Saveur) Theres also Sylvia Plaths Tomato Soup Cake (via The Guardian) and George Orwells unpublished essay on British Cookery, including recipes for a Christmas Pudding, Treacle Tart, and other British delicacies (via UCL Library Special Collections). On my little trip down this particular literary rabbit hole, I also discovered a super-cool blog called Paper Salt that attempts to recreate and reinterpret the dishes that iconic authors discuss in their letters, diaries, essays, and fiction. Its definitely worth checking out. ____________________ Follow us on Pinterest for drool-worthy covers, Book Fetish-y lit swag, bookish inspiration, and more! ____________________ Book Riot Live is coming! Join us for a two-day event full of books, authors, and an all around good time. Its the convention for book lovers that weve always wanted to attend. So we are doing it ourselves.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"Predicting Employment Status at 2 YearsÃ¢â¬â¢ Post-discharge From Spinal Cord Injury RehabilitationÃ¢â¬ is a research article written by Gregory C. Murphy, James Middleton, Ruth Quirk, Annelies De Wolf, and Ian D. Cameron published by Rehabilitation Psychology. This essay summarizes the investigation on the prediction of employment status at 2 yearsÃ¢â¬â¢ post discharge from spinal cord injury rehabilitation by analyzing information in order to establish facts and reach a result. It explains how the information from this research article can be applied to the rehabilitation counseling professional, and it identifies points discussed in class as it relates to the research article. Article Review This research article sets out to examine the after-Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The ages of the seventy- two participant ranged from 35-14, 58 males and 14 females. Lesion level or Level of injury were: 42 Tetraplegia or quadriplegia and 30 Paraplegia or impairment in motor or sensory function of the lower extremities. ASIA grade is a scale used to measure the level of impairment as shown in Table 1: 41 ASIA A, 6 ASIA B, 7 ASIA C, 18 ASIA D, and education: 32 Elementary or incomplete high school, 11 High School, 12 University/ college (Incomplete), and 17 University/ college (completed). The procedure used to collect information for the research study is a survey and the techniques used were interview and questionnaire. An interview is when questions are posed to an individual to obtain information (What Is Survey Research? - Definition, Methods Types, n.d.). A questionnaire is a series of written questions a participant answers (What Is Survey Research? - Definition, Met hods Types, n.d.). Follow- up questionnaires were administered to participant face- to- face and participants who were living long distance were interviewed by telephone. Table 1 The ASIA (American Spinal Injury Association) impairment scale Category Definition A = Complete No motor or sensory function is preserved in the sacral segments S4-S5 B = Incomplete Sensory but not motor function is preserved below the neurological level and includes the sacral segments S4-S5 C = Incomplete Motor function is preserved below the neurological level,Show MoreRelatedMedicare Policy Analysis447966 Words Ã |Ã 1792 PagesSenate and House of Representa- 2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF DIVISIONS, TITLES, rmajette on DSK29S0YB1PROD with BILLS 4 5 AND SUBTITLES. (a) SHORT TITLE.Ã¢â¬âThis Act may be cited as the 6 Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ËAffordable Health Care for America ActÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢. VerDate Nov 24 2008 12:56 Oct 30, 2009 Jkt 089200 PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H3962.IH H3962 2 1 2 (b) TABLE TITLES.Ã¢â¬âThis OF
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Adventures Huckleberry Finn is an American literature classic that tells a marvellous tale. With thrilling twists, character development, and usage of language, it is easy to understand why it is considered an American classic. The interpretation of that story is up to the reader. The similarities, or perhaps the difference of the characters in the book help make it all much more believable. The ranging personalities create imagery of real life. Yet, some of the personalities and their goal are rather similar. Huck Finn is a young boy with a troubled past to say the least. At young age Huck began to deal with the wrath of his alcoholic father. He never had much money and he never knew a civilized lifestyle. When he ends up in theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Even with the amazing character development shown by Jim, Twain was unable to stray away from late-19th century racist stereotypes. Even with these stereotypes installed into JimÃ¢â¬â¢s character, similarities between Huck and Jim are still present. One of the first similarities that caught my eye, is the biblical education shown by both Huck and Jim. Ã¢â¬Å"A wise man Ã¢â¬Ëud take en builÃ¢â¬â¢ a biler-factry; en den he could shet down de biler-factry when he want to resÃ¢â¬â¢.Ã¢â¬ (Twain 14) This quote shows that Jim has a coy sense of knowledge when it comes to women and understanding them. It also shows that Jim was given a form of biblical education. Ã¢â¬Å"But by and by she let it out that Moses had been dead a considerable long time; so then I didn t care anymore about him.Ã¢â¬ (Twain 1, 4) This quote, said by Huck Finn, also shows that Huck as well had a biblical education. The education tries into the next similarity between the two as well. Both Huck and Jim are well educated in types of superstition. Ã¢â¬Å"Afterwards Jim said the witches bewitched him and put him in a trance, and rode him all over the State.Ã¢â¬ (Twain 2, 7) This quote shows Jim s firm belief that the supe rnatural exists. Several times throughout the book, Jim s belief in the supernatural is brought up again. One of those times is when Jim puts a quarter under the Ã¢â¬Å"magicÃ¢â¬ hairball. The magic hairball being a
Chris Farley English A Wilson October 30, 2010 TC Essay In the novel, The Tortilla Curtain, by T. C. Boyle a couple experiences life in California and never know whats going to happen. We will write a custom essay sample on The Tortilla Curtain or any similar topic only for you Order Now They find out life as they thought it would be, really isnÃ¢â¬â¢t how they imagined. They go through some great hardships that will forever change their lives and change their thoughts on things. Candido and America went through the most hardest times in this novel, they are illegel immigrants, they have no money, and Candido turns into a criminal doing all he can to survive. They came to the United States in hope of fulfilling their dreams. When they got here they thought they would be able to make a life for themselves and be able to live happily. Their views on that really changed when they had no place to live and hardly any food to eat. Being illegal immigrants there was really not much that they could do about food, money, a real job, and a place to live and call their home. He had to allow America to go and try and get work from the labor exchange when she made a very clear point when she said Ã¢â¬Å"We have maybe a cup or rice left, half a twelve-ounce sack of dry beans, six corn tortillas, no eggs, and no milkÃ¢â¬ (28). At this point Candido lost some of his pride and his manhood and he had no idea what he could to do earn it back. There was no way that Candido could have got a decent job and earn the house that he had promised his wife America before they came here seeing as he was illegal. He had promised her a house that was described as Ã¢â¬Å"A clean white one made out of lumber that smelled like the mountains, with a gas range, a refrigerator, and maybe a little yard for a garden and a place for the chickensÃ¢â¬ (28-29). He had to allow America to go and try and get work from the labor exchange when she made a very clear point when she said Ã¢â¬Å"We have maybe a cup or rice left, half a twelve-ounce sack of dry beans, six corn tortillas, no eggs, and no milkÃ¢â¬ (28). With everything already being as bad as it was, America was pregnant and how would he be able to provide for his wife and his baby when she was born? Later in the novel it comes to a part where Candido and America leave their camp in the canyon and head for the city. Once they are there they come across a guy who asked them if they needed a place to stay, saying his auntÃ¢â¬â¢s house was just around the corner. The guy led him into a trap where they beat him up and as he says Ã¢â¬Å"They got everything, every pennyÃ¢â¬ (234). He fell for the trap and it made him think that he could not really trust anyone else but himself and his wife. There was no way that they could have gotten anything now and they had to make their way back into the camp in the canyon that they had left in the first place. Once Thanksgiving came around Candido had gotten a little bit of work and while he was at the market he was given a turkey. When he returned with the turkey they had fixed it all up so they could try and cook it. While that was all happening the flames from the fire had leapt to the trees and everything went up in a blaze. After they managed to get away from the fire and after they had a drink from the chinamans water hose they found themselves in a clump of bushes. While laying there Candido heard a noises from the leaves around them and in that instant America whispered to him Ã¢â¬Å"I think my water broke. The babyÃ¢â¬â¢s coming I canÃ¢â¬â¢t help itÃ¢â¬ (278). He had no idea what he was doing when he was delivering his baby, after all they were in the maintence shed and he had to make do with what was there. After the baby was born, it was time for them to move out of the shed and Candido had to make a house out of what he could. He finally made it out of some pallets that were held together with some nails. He turned into a criminal and was stealing dog dishes, dog food, and among other things. At this point he was climbing into peoples backyards and taking what he needed. He happened to take a piece of green plastic from a greenhouse that one of them managed to have in their yards for his roof. After he made several trips to make something out of what he had he finally brought America and even though she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be there she had no choice. While he was hungry he was thinking that some stew would be good and out of nowhere the cat appeared(DelaneyÃ¢â¬â¢s cat) and Candido called out to it Ã¢â¬Å"Here kittyÃ¢â¬ (308). America wanted to know what was next after all of that and she asked Candido and he shrugged and said Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll find work I guessÃ¢â¬ (323). She made up her mind and told him Ã¢â¬Å"I want to go home and I donÃ¢â¬â¢t care if you come or not, itÃ¢â¬â¢s you they want not me. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re the oneÃ¢â¬ (323). She did not want to raise her daughter like that and Candido couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t do anything about their situation at all. He stood by the post office for hours trying to attract the attention of every pickup that pulled into the lumberyard, but he had no luck at all. He was making his way back to America when he noticed that someone was on the shoulder of the road up ahead. It was Delaney that was off on the side of the road and Candido froze. As he was thinking about the accident all over again he heard Delaney shout Ã¢â¬Å"You stay right there! Ã¢â¬ (331). Candido had made himself back to America and their little makeshift home, not realizing he was being followed by Delaney. Once he came in America told him that it looked like he saw a ghost and he responded with Ã¢â¬Å"I wish it was only a ghostÃ¢â¬ (349). He told her Ã¢â¬Å"it was the one with the red hair who hit me with his car, he scares meÃ¢â¬ (349). After eating and his clothes dried up America had told him that there was something wrong with SocorroÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes and she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t see. Candido thought she was crazy and didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to believe that his baby was blind. In that next instance Delaney appeared from nowhere and he held a gun but then he dropped it once he heard the roar of what was happening. Their homemade house fell to nothing and crumbled within the flood. They rode a pallet all the way down to the roof of the post office and that is when it hit Candido hard. He asked America Ã¢â¬Å"WhereÃ¢â¬â¢s the baby? Ã¢â¬ (355) and she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t answer him. He was Ã¢â¬Å"numbed right through to the coreÃ¢â¬ (355) and in that moment he saw the white face come up through the dark water and he reached down and took a hold of it. He saw that his baby girl Socorro was gone, lifeless and nothing could have changed that no matter how much he cursed about it and got angry. That was the worst thing that he could have had happen to him and he was angry, angry that his daughter would never be able to live the way he wanted her to and the way they should have lived. Candido and America went through a great deal of hardship over this novel and no one deserves to live like that. They had to make changes so that they could live and be able to try and live for what they came to the U. S. for. Neither of them got the dream life that they imagined but America sure grew from the experience. You can say that Candido was able to learn that your dreams in life donÃ¢â¬â¢t come as easy as you thought they would. You are going to have to make some kind of plan for life so you can go from that and know what you are doing. Works Cited Boyle, T. Coraghessan. The Tortilla Curtain. New York: Penguin Group, 1995. Print. How to cite The Tortilla Curtain, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
The role of inventions and discoveries in the establishment Essay This write up discusses the role of inventions and discoveries in the establishment of radio. However some attention would first be directed to explaining the importance and uses of radio and radio waves as a communication device before diverting focus to discuss some inventors who played significant roles in establishing radio. The discussion will as well highlight some modern developments in the radio industry. Radio continues to be accepted as one of the most indispensable medium of communication all over the world especially in efforts to break the walls of illiteracy and bring enlightenment to millions of people. It is a system of communication which employs and propagates electromagnetic waves through space. There are varying characteristics of radio waves therefore radio waves of different lengths are employed for different purposes and are usually identified by their frequency. We will write a custom essay sample on The role of inventions and discoveries in the establishment specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The role of inventions and discoveries in the establishment specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The role of inventions and discoveries in the establishment specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Radio waves are used not only in radio broadcasting but are also used in two-way immunization for law enforcement, telephone transmission, wireless Internet, television, navigational systems, GAPS, and space communication. Radio enables people to send messages over long distances in the form of words, music, signals, etc. However it is commonly used for one-way communication, I. E. Broadcasting; to broadcast music, news, discussion, interviews, sports, adverts and other programmer. Aside the one-way function of radio device, its signals is also employed by scientists to monitor weather conditions in the atmosphere. The beginning of radio is traced back to the early asses. It important to indicate however that radio owes its invention to two other discoveries; the telegraph and the telephone. These two major discoveries until the invention of radio were the only means employed by people to send quick and long distance communications. It was during this era that inventors such as James Clark Maxwell, Heimlich Hertz, Gullied Marion and a host of other individuals employed various strategies to discover radio signals and radio as communication device for that matter. The contributions of these individuals would be discussed further in subsequent paragraphs. Meanwhile it is important to state that due to a number of individual contributions to radio discovery, it is becomes difficult to single out an individual as hero when talking about radio and its discovery. The development of radio is said to have revolutionaries communication considering that the two major discoveries that had existed could only reach places that were connected with wire. On the contrary, the advent of radio signals which could pass through the air, sea, sky and even space, made it possible for people to communicate quickly irrespective of wire connections. The advantage of dado signals to connect places without passing through wires made it to be referred to as wireless. The development of radio Just as any other discovery began with experiments. One of the important ideas that brought radio to exist was generated by Michael Faraday in the early asses. He experimented with electromagnets and propounded the induction theory; specifying that currents in one wire could produce Maxwell further explained the induction theory by performing series of other experiments to confirm that electromagnetic waves exist and that they could travel fast at the speed of light. He proved, mathematically, that if an electrical interruption is of short distance from the point at which it occurred, it would effect a passage of electrical current due to some sort of waves that move at the speed of light in which the electromagnetic energy travel. The confirmation of the theory prompted Heimlich Rudolf Hertz, whose name is now associated with radio transmission scales I. E. , megahertz and kilohertz, to practicality the proven theories of Faraday and Maxwell through demonstration that rapid variations of electric current could be projected into space in the form of radio waves similar to those of light and heat. Guillemot Marion an Italian inventor was next to appear on the scene in 1895. He combined earlier ideas and his own ideas and become the first inventor to send electromagnetic waves or radio signals through the air. The Marion radio equipment was first used to send signals across the Atlantic Ocean precisely from Cornwall, England to Newfoundland, Canada. The success of his innovation eventually led to the establishment of the first telegraph company in 1899. The system he discovered was called wireless telegraphy and since then the terms radio and wireless have been used interchangeably. Lee De Forest, an American inventor, also contributed to radio with his discovery of a device called vacuum tube in 1906. The device was used to detect and amplify radio signals and it has since become an important component of radio receivers. His invention in effect formed the basis for the amplification needed to make voice transmission possible via wireless. The result of Lee De Forests work was the invention of amplitude-modulated (AM) radio. Edwin Howard Armstrong is also counted as one of the individuals who contributed to improve radio. He discovered and invented frequency-modulated (FM) radio in 1933 which to improve he audio signal of radio. Radio waves, as mentioned earlier, travel at the speed of light. I. E. : three hundred thousand kilometers per second (300,km/s). However, the transmission of radio waves is in two ways: Amplitude Modulation (AM) and Frequency Modulation (FM). In amplitude transmission, the strength of the carrier waves is varied to match changes in the programmer signal coming form the radio station. FM transmission on the other hand is such that the carrier waves remain constant but the frequency of the wave is also varied to match the programmer signals from the radio station. The FM and the high-frequency bands (88 to 108 Much) eave since become the most preferred mode of transmission considering that it has the advantage of producing broad signals that are relatively free from noise and interference arising from sources such as thunderstorms, which is a major defect of AM signals. Nonetheless FM signals are also disadvantaged with having a limited reception range. Thus it has defined catchments area beyond which the signals cannot be received. Radio technology has grown significantly since its early development. In 1947 Bell Labs, a scientist invented the transistor and in 1954 a Japanese company called Sony introduced the first transistor radio. It is significant to mention that the first practical use of radio after its invention was mainly for ship-to- ship and ship-to-shore communication where it was used to save the lives of victims of ship disaster. Meanwhile, commercial radio broadcasting after radio was an experimental radio in a suburb of Pittsburgh in 1916. The broadcast of the U. S. Presidential election in 1920 by the station is considered the beginning of professional radio broadcasting. Other radio stations soon began operation in many other countries such as Australia, Japan, and specific reference can be made to the British Broadcasting Corporation which was established in 1922. The spread of radio and broadcasting did not come without some restrictions and regulations. The U. S. Overspent had for instance, took over control of all patents related to radio technology during the First World War but later released its control in 1919. After the government released its control of patents, the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) was established with the purpose of redistributing the radio patents that had been restricted during the war. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) was also established in United States to ass ign frequencies to various radio stations. In addition, the FCC was tasked to issue licenses to stations and other users of transmission equipments. The commission could as well revoke the license of stations that violate broadcasting rules. In other countries such a Canada and the United Kingdom, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission and the British Broadcasting Corporation were responsible for regulating all broadcasting networks respectively. The period between asses and asses is referred to as the golden age of radio considering that it was the period when radio ad much entertainment role as television has today. It was the period where families gathered around their radios to listen to radio programmer varying from live music, variety shows, dramas, comedy, sports, and several others. However, radio in the 21st century has become more of an individual other than a family source of entertainment. This has been made possible due technological advancements which have given birth to portable radio, cell phone radio; automobile radios as well internet radio with the help of digital and satellite radio broadcasting, another recent placement in the field. As evident from the discussion it can be concluded that a series of contributions and discoveries have aid the growth of radio which has made radio a vital means of communication in todays world. References Sanford . J. The Mass Media of the German Speaking Countries, (London: Oswald Wolff, 1979) Whittier. E. J, Form, Content and Significance of Mass Communication, (California: Walworth Publication Company, Belmont, 1991) World Book Encyclopedia Volvo. 16, World Book erg, U. ST. M. Off, (Merchandisers, North Michigan,Cargo ILL:u. S. A, 2001)